All of them scattered in the very next chapter when they arrest Him. Gabe Fluhrer on It’s a cup of protest to the selfishness that engulfs our lives and it says we are identified with another – our sin-bearing, wrath-bearing, grace-bringing substitute, the true Passover Lamb, Jesus. It will continue until he restores communion with each of his children through the Eucharist. That’s the Lamb in their midst then. He later consumed the fourth cup while hanging from the Cross. The first stage of my discovery process came in studying the Old Testament background to Jesus’ Last Supper. The fundamental purpose or goal of the liturgy seemingly was missed. Judas just had ice water in his veins and disguised it through a meal. The difference between the two is that Peter went to Jesus and Judas ran from Him. The Fourth Cup not only tracks the author’s gradual conversion along the path of Evangelicalism to the doorsteps of the Catholic faith, but also explores the often obscure and misunderstood rituals of Passover and their importance in foreshadowing salvation in Jesus Christ. In particular, further study of John’s Gospel presented considerable support for this conclusion, especially in Jesus’ discourse on the Bread of Life in chapter six. Rooted in Scripture and ingrained with lively history, The Fourth Cup delivers a fascinating view of the bridges that span old and new covenants, and celebrates the importance of the Jewish faith in understanding more fully Christ’s life, death, and resurrection. We use that phrase, “means of grace,” here a lot. It is precisely in this manner that the Father beholds a perfect and perpetual offering in the living body of the Son. This brings to fulfillment the words used in John’s introduction of Jesus at the start of his Gospel: “Behold the lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (1:29). All of them left. The lamb, the sacrifice in place of the household. Through his scholarly insights and important biblical connections, Mass will come alive for you as never before! Let’s drink the fourth cup together. And think about it this way. I respond by pointing out that virtually all scholars recognize substantial similarities in form between the Jewish paschal liturgy recorded in the New Testament and the Mishnah. It’s the only table set by a King for those who would betray Him unto death because Jesus is the only King who dies for His servants who betray Him and then sets a table for them. Such language reflects a solid belief in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist. (2) The Second Cup (the haggadah cup): This is the cup of proclamation telling the story of what God did for Israel. The lamb whose blood would be put on the doorposts so that the angel of death would pass over that household. I swear to My own hurt, as the Son of God,” is what He’s saying to them, “that this is going to come to pass.”. 13:15). The narrative does not explain his refusal, but it probably points back to Jesus’ pledge not to drink until his Kingdom is manifested in glory. You see, the Lord’s Table is the only table set by a King for His enemies. This was an important part of the Jewish understanding of Passover during the time of Jesus. And I suspect there’s nobody out there that does either. And the point of what Jesus is saying to us here tonight is that He is the true Passover Lamb who gives us a foretaste of heaven in the Lord’s Supper. the Passover celebration in the upper room. And he said to them, ‘This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Can I get more than one type of design created? We are failures, betrayers. . For them, Jesus skipping the fourth cup could be compared to a priest omitting the words of consecration at Mass. We’re coming here tonight saying there is a day coming when, because the Lamb of God spilled His blood for us, drank the cup of God’s fury, that we will be forever feasting with Him in a faint picture given to us tonight at the marriage supper of the Lamb, because we get to drink the cup of blessing because He drank the cup of wrath. Jesus says, “Take, this is my body.” What is He saying to them? After all, our everlasting blessedness is depicted in John’s vision of the New Jerusalem as “the marriage supper of the Lamb” (Rev. That is important because Jesus is telling us that this now, “The people I am gathering around Me, this is the true family of God. The preacher had just finished an exciting sermon on the meaning of Christ’s sacrifice on Calvary. Along the way, Hahn reveals how the traditional fourth cup of wine used in the concluding celebration of Passover explains in astonishing ways Christ’s paschal sacrifice. I will rid you of bondage. Now is the judgment of this world, now shall the ruler of this world be cast out; and I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself.’ He said this to show by what death he was to die” (John 12:23, 31-33). That’s what Jesus is saying. And the difference between the two kinds of betrayers, which we all are tonight, is those who like Peter will run to this table. And the fourth cup was the cup of consummation. And when we talk about drinking this cup together, when you drank a cup in this culture it signified full identification, union with the person that you were drinking that cup with. 9:25-26). I was still anti-Catholic in my theological outlook as an Evangelical Protestant, though I must confess I had never thoroughly read a single Catholic work explaining or defending the Church’s teaching. And betrayal plays a key part in this narrative. One interesting note here is that men did not carry water. . THE FOURTH CUP UNVEILING THE MYSTERY OF THE LAST SUPPER AND THE CROSS. That’s a grievous error. He teaches at Oxford. The Fourth Cup not only tracks the author’s gradual conversion along the path of Evangelicalism to the doorsteps of the Catholic faith, but also explores the often obscure and misunderstood rituals of Passover and their importance in foreshadowing salvation in Jesus Christ. He seems to have been in full possession of himself as he realized that “all was now finished.” Whatever it is that “was now finished” seems to be directly connected to his utterance, which he spoke “to fulfill the Scripture.” More things fall into place upon reading what followed his expression of thirst: “A bowl of sour wine stood there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop and held it to his mouth” (19:29). She argues two calendars were operative in Christ’s time and accepts the ancient Syriac testimony of a “Holy Tuesday” institution of the Eucharist. He’s worked His way down from the north to the south to Jerusalem, and He’ll be arrested and crucified here in a couple of chapters. He swore an oath. But only John tells us how he responded: “When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, ‘It is finished’; and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit” (19:30). That was usually a woman’s job. He stated his intention not to drink wine again until he came into the glory of his Kingdom. Instead of proceeding immediately to the climax of the Passover, the drinking of the fourth cup, we read: “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives” (Mark 14:26). [Readers may complain about my assuming the proto-Talmudic character of the liturgical structure of the seder. There’s the betrayer who, like Peter, betrays Jesus. This verse reveals something significant. John realized that the sixth hour was when the priests were prescribed to begin slaughtering lambs for the Passover. The fourth stage of the process was reached when I found in John’s Gospel a perspective on Jesus’ Kingdom glory decidedly different from that found in Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Dr. Hahn Discussing "Spirit & Life," "The Revelation Study Bible," and "Kinship by Covenant." 2009 July 7: Dr. Hahn was interviewed by the radio initiative of the Archdiocese of Miami. Mark chapter 14. To view recordings of our entire services, visit our Facebook page. If Jesus’ offering has ceased, there would be no basis for his ongoing priesthood, but Jesus’ priesthood is said to be permanent and to “continue forever” (Heb.7:24). The ultimate goal is restoring communion, which is accomplished by the Eucharist. God is sovereign. Download Full The Fourth Cup Book in PDF, EPUB, Mobi and All Ebook Format. Liturgical feasts and rituals were to signify and strengthen the family communion that existed by covenant between Yahweh and Israel. 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