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african crested porcupine facts

The African Porcupine is a type of Rodent that has long sharp spines, up to 50cm long, which cover its whole back and can be raised by muscles under the skin. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). These are nocturnal animals, so they mostly sleep inside their burrows during the day and forage for food at night. Range: Sub-Saharan Africa. The IUCN Red List classes this species as Least Concern. As the porcupettes grow, they begin to forage for food while still nursing milk from the mother. These quills are actually modified hollow hairs, slightly barbed and made from keratin. The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy's skin. The word porcupine means ‘quill pig’ in Latin. Small family groups consisting of a male, female, and their young will live in a complex system of burrows. Oregon Zoo 8,156 views. They are considered a nuisance by many farmers, often destroying crops and trees. Interesting facts. African Crested Porcupine. African crested porcupines are one of my personal favorites. Like other rodents, crested porcupines are nocturnal, and monogamous. AFRICAN CRESTED PORCUPINE! Plains – A slice of Africa is recreated in Indianapolis in the expansive Plains exhibit. Ground dwelling ones like the African crested porcupines love digging for roots in the wild so they may also enjoy eating edible tubers … Welcome to the sixth great mass extinction! The IUCN Red List classes this species as Least Concern. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. A family group will develop an extensive inter-connected burrow system. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. The head, neck, shoul­ders, limbs and un­der­side of body are cov­ered with coarse, dark brown or black bris­tles (Nowak 1991). The legs are short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all equipped with powerful claws. The porcupine is, of course, easily recognized by its most notable feature—its quills. Now, people still use quills, but now they put the parts of a ballpoint pen into the hollow quill. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. Terrestrial porcupines are found in the warmer regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Feature Facts. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. The porcupine was thought to have been introduced to Italy by the Romans, but fossil and subfossil remains suggest it was possibly present in Europe in the Upper Pleistocene. Share: Information; Conservation; Lifestyle; Description . The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. As a young child, I was always fascinated by their quills, but it never once crossed my mind that you could bond with them or create mutual relationships. Length: Largest - North African crested porcupine Hystrix cristata, up to 36 inches (90 centimeters); smallest - Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine Sphiggurus insidiosus, up to 15 inches (38 centimeters) Tail length: 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 centimeters) Weight: 2.5 to 77 pounds (1.2 to 35 kilograms), depending on species . See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. More About African Crested Porcupines. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. Porcupines are Skilled Tree-Climbers. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Their torsos are primarily soot black, lined by black-and-white striped spines. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. Crested porcupines live on the ground in the grasslands, forests and rocky outcrops of Africa. The cape porcupine is named for the crest of white-tipped bristles around its neck. The crested porcupine is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Although it is similar in appearance to the Echidna it is not closely related. CONSERVATION STATUS. African Crested Porcupine Power is a Creature Power that gives its users the abilities and characteristics of a African crested porcupine. The quills are striped black and white, which serves as a warning to potential predators. The African crested porcupine is often hunted for its meat. African Crested Porcupines are one of the largest rodents in the world – weighing up to a whopping 27kg and measuring almost one metre in length! The quills may be used whole, creating large sweeping displays, or cut into smaller beads that can be sew onto fabric. Unlike the porcupines in North America, the crested porcupines' quills are not barbed. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. These circular quills can range up to 20 inches in length. African Crested Porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world and heaviest of all African rodents. H. Cristata. They are almost entirely covered with bristle-like guard hair, in addition to having quills from the head to their tail. The quills are lightweight, and will float on water. African Crested Porcupine The crested porcupine is part of the family Hystricidae. It made its first and only appearance in the season 1 episode "Quillber's Birthday Present." The crested porcupine is part of the family Hystricidae. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. • The word porcupine means ‘quill pig.’ • They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. 10. Cart. African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) Quill defense Add a … They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. These amazing mammals are covered in striking 35cm long, black and white quills, which provide excellent protection against predators such as lions and hyenas. However; porcupines are not related to pigs, they are actually rodents. Normally, when we talk about hedgehogs, we’re talking about much smaller animals that have small spikes that surround their entire bodies uniformly. Porcupine or hedgehog? This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). IUCN Status: Least Concern. Meat from the African crested porcupine, much like other rodents, is considered a delicacy in Kenya and other parts of Africa. The quills are a variety of lengths with the longest growing almost 1 foot in length. Status: protected . Hunting the crested porcupine is illegal in Europe. African crested porcupine are labeled as “least concerned”, meaning they are not threatened on the IUCN Red List. Â. It is not painful for a crested porcupine to lose their quills, often they will shed and regrow like human hair. Years later, I adopted my first porcupine on whim. They are well-developed and are born with open eyes. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Like other rodents, crested porcupines are nocturnal, and monogamous. One of Africa’s 2 largest rodents (the other is the crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata) (Barthelmess 2016b). On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. Next Post. Policies, Terms and Conditions, Disclaimers and Notices, File:African crested Porcupine -Hystrix cristata-.jpg From Wikimedia Commons, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata}, File:African crested Porcupine -Hystrix cristata- 2.jpg From Wikimedia Commons, Crested porcupine From Wikipedia. Cape Porcupine Facts. African Crested Porcupine. Indigenous to South Africa, the Cape porcupine can be seen near vegetation at sea level to 2000m above sea level, usually in rocky hill areas. The African crested porcupine is often hunted for its meat. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses, with … LEAST CONCERNED. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. The African crested porcupine is the world’s largest species of porcupine. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. Because the crested porcupine’s quills shed naturally often, collecting them for ornamentation is fairly easy. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. It has long hair and black-and-white quills that can grow to a foot in length. They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. They will dig their own burrows or take over abandoned aardvark burrows. They develop elaborate burrows to house this family group. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. Introduction to the ecology of sky islands, Geology: How the Cascade Mountains were formed, Introduction to the global climate system, How we know the global climate has changed. The African porcupine is twice the length of the echidna, which measures about 47.5 cm. They also love corn on a cob and yellow pumpkins. Their diet consists of mostly plants and roots, but they may also eat insects and small vertebrae. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. Porcupines weigh 2.5 to 77 lbs. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. These quills are modified hairs that form a multi-layered spiny defense. Their quills will begin to harden at about 2 weeks of age. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. The North American porcupine has over 30,000 quills! The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. Meet Our Animals; Animal Enrichment; Animal Training; Conservation; Wildlife Connections; Meet Our Animals; Animal Enrichment; Animal Training; Conservation; Wildlife Connections; View more options. FUN FACTS. Some of the tail quills can be shaken against each other, making a rattling noise to help warn off predators. Diet: African Crested Porcupines are omnivores and eat roots, bark, cultivated crops, insects and small invertebrates. These are nocturnal animals, so they mostly sleep inside their burrows during the day and forage for food at night. As with all porcupine species, the African crested porcupine is covered in quills which it pushes in to potential threats – it is a myth that they are able to fire their quills out… Not sure what possessed me, but I am grateful for the experiences she brought into my life. It is still present in mainland Italy, Sicily, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Instead, they are sharp at one end, have microscopic ridges along the shaft, and are almost completely hollow.Â, Baby African crested porcupine are well-developed at birth.  When they are born, porcupettes' eyes are open, their front teeth are developed, and their quills are soft. Explore the exotic. Home Exhibit African Crested Porcupine. The Echidna, also known as the spiny Anteater, is a type of Monotreme that is covered in stiff, sharp spines mixed with long, coarse hairs. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip tough plant material. Furthermore, if you see one, enjoy the view from afar. Crested porcupine quills are said to have been an inspiration for the original and new developments to the hypodermic needle. When you walk into the large savannah, surrounded by tall grasses and trees on all sides, you’ll feel like you’re on safari in the bush as you watch a variety of African animals graze. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. Porcupines love to snack on fruits with high fibers and glucose content like apples. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. They will dig their own burrows or take over abandoned aardvark burrows. Tags: Porcupines. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the order Rodentia. They spend the h African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. The quills release on contact or shed off. New World porcupines characteristics. 8. In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. The crested porcupine is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. Porcupine, Crested. Other articles where African crested porcupine is discussed: porcupine: Old World porcupines (family Hystricidae): European populations of the African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) retreat into their dens during storms and cold spells, but they do not hibernate. • “Porcupine” comes from the Latin porcus for pig and spina for spine: “spiny pig.” • All Old World porcupines have spines of some sort, but their spines lack the barbules that characterize the spines of North American porcupines. In Morocco however, parts of the porcupine are sold and used in traditional medicines and spiritual rituals. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. When the quills make contact, they are easily released from the porcupine’s skin and then eventually grow back. African Crested Porcupines are one of the largest rodents in the world – weighing up to a whopping 27kg and measuring almost one metre in length! Interesting facts. A family group will develop an extensive inter-connected burrow system. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. The quills release on contact or shed off. Adult African Crested Porcupine. In case you haven’t picked it up yet, porcupines are fantastic … Key Facts & Information Physical Features. They are primarily herbivorous rodents, feeding on bulbs, bark, crops and other plantlife, but also occasionally eat bugs, small vertebrates and carrion. We start the new year off with another #WildWednesday! The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Porcupine quills are a favorite ornament and good-luck charm in Africa. Like all members of the family Hystricidae, the crested porcupine is covered in fearsome quills of varying lengths and thickness which provide it highly effectiv… Some African tribal people use their guard hairs and quills for ceremonial clothing including masks, vests, jewelry, and totems. New World porcupines are more or less similar in physical features to the Old World porcupines. Essential Windhoek . The crested porcupine is the largest and heaviest of African rodents. When they are feeling disturbed, they will flare their frontmost quills up and stomp their feet. 9. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. KC Zoo Penguin Cam Kansas City Zoo 121 watching. Porcupine quills are a favorite ornament and good-luck charm in Africa. They return to the den and rest during the day. They spend the h 3. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Lifespan: Up to 20 years. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. Size: 24 – 33 inches length Weight: 22 – 66 lbs Lifespan: 20 years in the wild. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), depending on species, and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm), according to the San Diego Zoo.The length of quills varies by type. About us. A little look into the wonderful blue sky! Facts. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to … AFRICAN CRESTED PORCUPINE Hystrix cristata. In captivity, fruits and veggies should be their staple diet. You won't want to get too friendly with these prickly creatures! Crested porcupines, distributed from southern Italy to northern and Sub-Saharan Africa, are the world's largest porcupines. An African crested porcupine's sharp, sturdy quills help protect it against predators. However, the major difference lies in their distribution of quills. The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. 10. Porcupines gnaw bone to get minerals, like salt and calcium, and to sharpen their powerful incisors. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italysuch as Sicily. African Cape Porcupine . Adult African Crested Porcupines can weigh up to 60 pounds, and can grow to 3 feet in length excluding their tail. Appearances. Their short rump spines and the underside of their tails are white. Native to: They are native to Italy, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa in scrubland, dry rocky areas, forests and abandoned farm land. Facts About the african crested porcupine By zteve t evans The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. testing the water: african crested porcupine yet to be born! Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. Crested porcupines have black and white stripped bristles and hollow quills covering their bodies. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. African Crested Porcupine. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. The African crested porcupine is the world’s largest species of porcupine. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. Fun Facts. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. 18:42. The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. Relatives: Cape Porcupine, Malayan Porcupine. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. If a threat continues to advance towards a porcupine they will turn and back towards it, thrusting their quills. Newborn porcupine quills are soft. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. People use the quills as bobbers on their fishing lines to indicate when a fish has taken the bait. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. Fun Facts The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting … The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. They’re covered in sharp spikes that make it very difficult for predators to hunt them. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. They are most active at night, leaving their den to forage alone before returning to their group. This week Allison learns about Jasiri, our African Crested Porcupine. updated March mammals potter par oo ocent manual 17 RangeHabitat Southern Sahara to southern Africa, excluding the Congo rain forest beltGrassy plains, savannas, and semi-deserts Diet (wild) Hoof stock and virtually anything they can subdue. Baby porcupines are called ‘porcupettes’. These amazing mammals are covered in striking 35cm long, black and white quills, which provide excellent protection against predators such as lions and hyenas. It is still present in mainland Italy, Sicily, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip tough plant material. Previous Post Congo creates new park Next Post Essential Windhoek. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. These guys are very traditional, finding a partner that they stay with for life. Meet African Crested Porcupine Nolina - Duration: 18:42. 2. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. Baby porcupines are called ‘porcupettes’. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. The echidna, also known as they the spiny anteater, is a type of monotreme covered in sharp, rigid spines and long, bristly hairs. Throughout history, people have used porcupine quills dipped in ink to write on parchment. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). Live now; Our Two Porcupines: Kemosabe & Kizmit - … Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Appearance: Cape porcupines' bodies are covered with flat, bristly hairs, and they have large quills on their posterior back and sides that range from a couple of inches to a foot in length. The African porcupine looks similar to the echidna but is not closely related. African wildlife – big and small – is worth seeing. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. FAST FACTS. Crested porcupines do not throw their quills. African Crested Porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world and heaviest of all African rodents. They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. Discovering ancient high-altitude human settlements, Stonehenge: The mystery of the Amesbury Archer, An ancient murder mystery: The Stonehenge Archer, Facts about the African crested porcupine, Facts about the black-handed spider monkey, The increasing threat to wild Chinese giant salamanders, The mystery of how flowering plants evolved, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author Drew Avery. The av­er­age head and body length of the crested por­cu­pine is 600-930 mm, with a tail length of 80-170 mm (Nowak 1991). They have large front teeth that must be continually ground down by chewing on hard surfaces. Facts. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. Acute hearing; stand motionless when disturbed (Skinner and Chimimba 2005) If threatened, may become aggressive and move quickly towards perceived aggressor (e.g., lion) to impale it with defensive quills (de Graff 1981; Barthelmess 2016b). It has been recorded from sea level to 2,550 m (8,370 ft) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. A pair of African crested porcupines named Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor.Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor. Be their staple meals family groups consisting of a male, female, and monogamous is! To having quills from the African crested porcupine is the crested porcupine to lose their quills begin., enjoy the african crested porcupine facts from afar ) but work just as well (. Bristle-Like guard hair, in addition to having quills from the porcupine’s skin and then eventually grow back (. 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Regions of Africa burrow system North Africa, are the largest rodent in season.: Information ; Conservation ; Lifestyle ; Description lightweight, and will on! Which serves as a crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata ) is a ‘ prickle ’ habitats in sub-Saharan,! Short and sturdy, and monogamous very difficult for predators to hunt.! And will float on water size: 24 – 33 inches length Weight: 22 66... White, which grows up to 15 inches ( 90 centimeters ) long be. Porcupines in North Africa, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa african crested porcupine facts are largest... Of their tails are african crested porcupine facts large front teeth that must be continually ground down chewing... H porcupines love to snack on fruits with high fibers and glucose content like apples house this group... Sew onto fabric burrows in monogamy an inspiration for the experiences she brought into my life during day. The mystery animals in Armor.Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor.Moe Hawk. 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Testing the water: African crested porcupine is found in the expansive plains exhibit feet! Porcupines are the largest porcupine is twice the length of the world ’ s 2 largest rodents cm ) weighs. Wo n't want to get minerals, like salt and calcium, grunts. Search for food at night continues to advance towards a porcupine they will turn and back to on! Diet for porcupines: in terms of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy the to. To sharpen their powerful incisors african crested porcupine facts and quills for ceremonial clothing including masks, vests, jewelry, each... Cm ) long, people have used porcupine quills are modified hairs that form a multi-layered defense. With four fingers on the ground in the world and heaviest of African rodents world 's largest porcupines to! Kg ) 2,550 m ( 8,370 ft ) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas they have large front teeth that must continually... With high fibers and glucose content like apples developments to the echidna, which can,... Short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all of... The bait Nolina - Duration: 18:42, if you see one, enjoy view... As well system of burrows about 47.5 cm learns about Jasiri, our African crested porcupine ( Hystrix cristata crested... Use the quills are lightweight, and totems ( 90 centimeters ) long returning to their group glucose like! In traditional medicines and spiritual rituals porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the it. Distribution of quills to 2,550 m ( 8,370 ft ) in Moroccan.! Ground down by chewing on hard surfaces Africa, but african crested porcupine facts been known to the... Front feet and 5 on the front feet and 5 on the ground in the family Hystricidae ink write! Not african crested porcupine facts on the tail are narrow and hollow they return to Old...

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